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Global Food Prices Drop for Seventh Straight Month

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Global Food Prices continue decline

CEM REPORT, AGROFOOD | The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a beacon of information on global food prices, has released positive news for consumers. Their latest report indicates a seventh consecutive month of decline in the global food price index for February 2024. This trend brings much-needed relief at a time when many households are grappling with rising costs in other areas.

“This is a very welcome development,” says Joseph Schmidhuber, a senior FAO economist. “Lower food prices will help to alleviate pressure on household budgets, particularly for low-income families who spend a larger proportion of their income on food.”

Sharp Decline in Cereals and Vegetable Oils Drives Down Index

The FAO report attributes the overall decrease to significant drops in cereal and vegetable oil prices. The cereal price index fell by a substantial 5.4% in February compared to January, and a remarkable 28.9% year-on-year. This decline is largely driven by expectations of bountiful harvests in Argentina and Brazil, along with competitive pricing strategies adopted by Ukraine to capitalize on the improved maritime trade routes.


“We’re seeing a confluence of positive factors impacting cereal prices,” explains Schmidhuber. “Favorable weather conditions in South America and strategic pricing by Ukraine are contributing to a more stable and affordable market for these essential food items.”

Vegetable oils, another critical component of the global food price index, followed a similar trend. The price index for this category dipped by 1.3% in February compared to January, and 11.0% year-on-year. This decrease reflects lower global prices for soy, sunflower, and rapeseed oils, outweighing a slight increase in palm oil prices.

Sugar Prices Rise, Meat and Dairy Show Mixed Results

While the overall trend is positive, the FAO report also highlights some exceptions. The sugar price index defied the downward trend, climbing 3.2% from January and 11.1% year-on-year. This increase is primarily attributed to production shortfalls in major sugar-producing countries like Thailand and India. Additionally, concerns regarding insufficient rainfall in Brazil, another leading producer, further exacerbated sugar price hikes.

Read Also: Anameje to Fed Govt: Import Food in the Short Term to Mitigate Shortage

The meat price index, on the other hand, presented a mixed picture. Prices dipped 2.0% from January but remained slightly higher (0.8%) compared to February 2023. The dairy price index also exhibited some volatility, rising 1.1% in February compared to January but experiencing a significant 15.5% decrease year-on-year.

Will Global Food Prices Continue Decline?

The FAO’s report offers a cautiously optimistic outlook for global food prices. While the recent downward trend is certainly encouraging, the organization emphasizes the need for continued monitoring of weather conditions and potential disruptions in major production regions.

“These positive developments are certainly a step in the right direction,” concludes Schmidhuber. “However, we must remain vigilant and closely monitor factors that could potentially impact future food prices. The FAO remains committed to providing timely data and analysis to ensure global food security.”

Consumers can take heart in this news, but it’s important to stay informed about potential future fluctuations. By understanding the factors influencing global food prices, individuals and families can make informed choices when it comes to their grocery budgets.

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