CEM REPORT | Nigeria’s debt profile has risen to N41.60 trillion as of March 2022 according to the Debt Management Office (DMO).
The DMO attributed the high debt profile to a lack of revenues and approval of the annual budget with a deficit by the National Assembly which increased the debt stock of the country.
The Director-General of the Debt Management Office (DMO), Patience Oniha, made the explanation during her appearance at the ongoing engagement on the 2023 – 2025 Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) and Fiscal Policy Paper held by the House of Representatives Committee on Finance Thursday.
“As of December 2020, the debt stock of the federal, state governments and the Federal Capital Territory was N32.92 trillion. By December 2021, it was N39.556 trillion. As of March of this year, we publish quarterly, which was N41.6 trillion. On average, the federal government is owing about 85 per cent of the total.
“We have been running a deficit budget for many years and each time you approve a budget with a deficit, by the time we raise that money because when you approve it, it is giving us a mandate, authority to borrow, it will reflect in the debt stock, so debt stock will increase. Also, note that states are also borrowing. So we add their own. They also have laws governing their borrowings and as debt stock increases so does debt service.
“Until the issues of personnel, overhead and capital expenditure are properly addressed in the budget, borrowing would not stop.”
Furthermore, she recalled that Nigeria’s debt to GDP ratio is low, however, she added that the nation’s debt service to revenue ratio was indeed very high.
“A world Bank report showed that in terms of debt to GDP ratio, Nigeria is low but for debt service to revenue ratio, we are very high. So, if you look at the tax to GDP ratio of these other countries, they are multiple of Nigeria.
“The World Bank survey report of about 197 countries revealed that Nigeria is number 195, meaning we beat only two countries and that was Yemen and Afghanistan and I don’t think we want to be like those places.”
She noted that the debt plan for the MTEF for 2021 to 2023 was for debt to be sustainable explaining that debt servicing should be done without difficulty, or without consuming all your revenues
“When the MTEF for 2021 to 2023 was being prepared, it is to say, let’s begin to look at revenues because as debt is growing, debt services are increasing. So, the language we used was for debt to be sustainable in the medium term. Sustainable means you can service your debt without difficulty, without it consuming all your revenues because you have very little for other projects.
“You must look at revenues very closely and I think the discussions you have had with the Customs are part of it. There are many other revenue-generating agencies. So, we must increasingly begin to look out for our revenue for funding our activities as opposed to the deficit.
“We talk about N11 trillion deficit and borrowing for 2023, how much is the revenue there? That’s one. When we look at the first tranche that was N10 trillion for the full year of subsidy and N9 trillion for subsidy next year, the size of the borrowing was 62 per cent of the budget. That’s high. The responsibilities, I think, are on both sides. Query the various expenditure lines and see what it is we can handle. So, if the deficit is lower, the borrowing will be lower and that’s how to grow on a slower pace.”
The deputy chairman of the committee, Hon. Saidu Abdullahi, who presided at the session, said: “The country was on a good pedestal to keep borrowing. The need for borrowing will always be there. It doesn’t matter how much we make, the country must borrow. What we should be interested in is the sustainability of what we are borrowing and from what she has said, the country is on a good pedestal in terms of managing its borrowing.