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Ghana Inflation shuts up by 0.7 percent Y-o-Y, Food inflation outpaced Non-Food inflation

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CEM Report, Accra
Ghana year-on-year inflation rate was 11.3% in May 2020, which is 0.7 percentage points higher than the rate recorded last month. Ghana Statistical Services published Wednesday

The report said that Month-on-month inflation between April 2020 and May 2020 was 1.7%, which is lower than the 3.2% recorded in April 2020, but higher than the average month-on-month inflation recorded in the months October 2019 to March 2020 (0.7%). Only two of the thirteen Divisions had higher than average inflation rates; Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Housing, Water, Electricity and Gas (both 15.1%)

At the regional level, the overall year-on-year inflation ranged from 3.1% in the Upper East Region to 13.3% in Greater Accra. When comparing Food to Non-Food inflation, there are clear differences between regions. Ashanti (22.3%) and Western Region (19.8%) had the highest rates of Food inflation, while Eastern Region saw the highest Non-Food inflation (12.8%).


The Upper East, Northern, Eastern, and Volta Regions experienced higher Non-Food than Food inflation, the opposite was true for the other six regions.

The month-on-month inflation rate between regions also differ. The overall month-on-month inflation was be-tween -1.5% in the Volta Region and 3.9% in the Ashanti Region. The Western Region recorded a month-on-month Food inflation rate of 6.9%, while the Volta Region saw a decrease of -3.3%. Greater Accra saw an overall month-on-month inflation of 0.7% and a Food month-on-month inflation of -0.4%. See Figure 5, for the other regional month-on-month inflation rates

The Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages Division recorded a year-on-year inflation rate of 15.1%. This is 0.7percentage point higher than April 2020 (14.4%) and 7.2percentage points higher than the average over the eight months preceding March 2020 (7.9%).This translates to Food being the predominant driver of year-on-year inflation.

Food contributed 58.6% of the year-on-year inflation in April 2020 (see Figure 6 on the final page). Month-on-month Food inflation stood at 2.3%, which is less than the6.4% that was recorded between March 2020 and April2020.The Division with the highest month-on-month inflation between April and March 2020 was Housing, Water, Electricity and Gas (4.3%).

In the previous two months, the majority of Divisions recorded higher month-on-month inflation rates than the average month-on-month inflation rates between October 2019 and March 2020. An exception to this is the Transport price index. Month-on-month Trans-port inflation was on average +0.3% between October 2019and March 2020, but -1.7% between March and April and -0.6% between April and May.

Within the Food Division, Vegetables (34.9%) and Fruits and Nuts (21.5% ) were the Subclasses with the highest rates of inflation (see Figure 4).For the Housing Division, the Subclasses Rents Paid by Tenants (21.0%) and Refuse Collection (48.9%) recorded the highest inflation rates. Month-on-month Transport inflation was negative due to the month-on-month price indices decreases for Diesel (-10.9%) and Petrol (-8.7%)

Inflation of imported goods was 4.8%, while the inflation of local goods was 14.1% on average. This is the highest rate of local inflation and the lowest rate of imported goods inflation since the rebasing in August 2019. Month-on-month inflation for imported goods was 0.8%, while month-on-month inflation for local goods was 2.1%. The main contributor to local inflation was the inflation of locally produced foods.

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